Table of Contents
The term “Environmental conservation” is a strong contribution and control over the availability of animals, air, and earth. Natural resources are divided into non-renewable activities. Because of the farmers’ habitat destruction, which has caused the decline of countless former farmers have almost disappeared.
As a result of the decision, this type can lead to the loss of livestock or property
Definition of Natural Resources:
The description of the natural resources includes, which are very much essential for human beings. These include Air, water, coal, plants, Animals, and natural gases.
Why do we need to conserve natural resources?
The conservation of natural resources is very essential for:
• The equality we have said is necessary for the existence of life.
• Conserve biodiversity.
• Keep track of current and future developments.
• Be the survival of the human race.
Conservation of natural resources and culture in India:
Our ancestors knew the need to conserve natural resources. India has a tradition of thanking and preserving nature and it’s resources. Find the nature of your tents by setting up sacred trees.
Conservation of sight, sight like forests; The sacred groves have different sections dedicated by the people to their gods and spirits of faith.
In these forests, logging, hunting and other limited disturbances are strictly limited. This technology is widespread in peninsular, central India. This allows us to live forever, some bodies of water, such as Lake Khecheopalri in Sikkim, were said by the local people, to protect aquatic flora and fauna.
The worship of trees such as banyan, peepal and tulsi met him and fed him throughout the story, they gave this commandment for the people to stop.
One of the recent examples is the Chipko organization in India. Women from the village of Gopeshwar, Chamoli, in Uttarakhand, to prepare for him. They stopped cutting trees and hugged the woodcutters shouting that they were cutting. This has resulted in the coverage of approximately 12,000 square
kilometers of vulnerable water resources. Human movements also occurred in other parts of the country.
Conservation of natural resources:
Conservation of soil:
• Use fertilizer/compost to keep the soil fertile.
• To avoid soil inflow, do not irrigate the plants using a rapid water flow.
• Use sprinkler irrigation to protect the soil.
• Create a lawn area over a large area that helps bind the ground to prevent runoff.
• Provide ground cover by planting ornamental plants, herbs, and trees in your garden.
• Use crop residues to make compost for use on plantations.
• Differentiate existing cultivation methods so that cultivation can continue
• Cultivate according to your needs
• Maintain soil fertility
• Do not use fertilizers, pesticides, and other chemical products imported from the production and processing of agricultural products
• Store grain in the warehouse to minimize losses
• Improve dairy animal breeds for sustainable milk production.
• Adopt post-harvest technologies to increase the value
Equitable Use of Resources for Sustainable Living:
In the last 50 years, the use of materials in society has increased dramatically. There is a huge consumer lifestyle gap between developed and developing countries. Urbanization has changed the way of life of the media class in our developing
countries, making us more concerned about using natural resources.
It is estimated that the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) of the world represent only 22% of its population but 88% of its natural resources. These countries use 73% of the energy resources, command 85% of income, and provide a major part of pollution.
On the other hand, the least developed countries (LDCs) have average growth, represent 78% of the world’s population, and use only 12% of natural resources, 27% of energy, and only 15% of global income.
There is a huge gap between the rich and the poor. In this age of prosperity, the rich are getting richer, and the poor are getting poorer. This resulted in unsustainable growth. There is a growing concern around the world about managing natural resources. The solution to this problem is to have an equal distribution of resources.
Two main causes of instability are overpopulation in poor countries and excessive use of natural resources by rich countries. An international consensus must be reached on the equitable distribution of natural resources.
For the equitable use of resources, developing countries/rich people must reduce their level of consumption to the minimum necessary so that these resources are shared with the poor to enjoy their needs. The time has come to think that the rich and poor must use resources alike to promote human development.
The importance of conserving natural resources:
• To protect animals:
The main motivation for conservation is to protect wildlife and increase diversity. Protecting wildlife and preserving it for future generations ensures that the animals we care for do not go extinct. This guarantees that the ecosystem remains healthy and functional. Some species, as found in zoos and zoos, do not thrive outside their natural habitat as a human aid.
As a result, the loss of their habitats is a threat to their existence. Additionally, animals that travel and live in various natural habitats are at risk. Protecting these habitats helps protect the entire ecosystem.
• Protecting the environment:
Climate change is already destroying the environment, it’s no secret that the future of our planet must be protected. We must reduce the number of damage humans do to the environment to protect the Earth for future generations. And we should do everything we can to help the environment.
Nature is our most powerful weapon in the fight against global warming.
For Human health:
Saving resources is important for many reasons: for human health, controlling the spread of new diseases, and developing the medicines we rely on.
Contaminated wildlife habitats as protection. Prevention of new diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans. The occupied habitats were cleared for human and agricultural use. This protects wild and domestic animals, allowing the design to spread to humans.
The Ebola outbreak is one such problem. Ebola is a zoonosis (an animal disease that can be transmitted to humans) and can be transmitted by bats.
Most of the medicines we use as humans are made from compounds produced by animals or plants. As a result, by protecting nature, we are also protecting the life-saving medicines we rely on, such as cancer treatment.
In other words, we cannot be holy in an evil place. It is in our interest to protect our environment as much as possible. Environmental exploitation threatens our ability to supply and irrigate our cities. Pollution, for example, is directly dangerous to human health.
Natural Resource Conservation Methods:
Certain actions must be taken to ensure that we continue to enjoy the benefits of these resources, and if we do not, our future generations will face serious problems. Conservation of natural resources ensures the preservation of the ecological balance. Some of the ways to conserve resources are:
• Using alternative sources of energy such as solar and wind
These alternative energy sources are not good for the environment because they do not contain toxic pollutants that destroy the ozone layer. Compared to fossil fuels such as coal and coal, they are better. Moreover, it is cheap, does not wear out quickly, and is versatile.
• Plant trees to prevent soil erosion.
This includes planting trees and shrubs to combat soil erosion caused by wind and water. Trees and plants are important to the survival of the ecosystem. Many insects, birds, and related plants call it home. This creates a natural habitat, created in the conservation of wildlife everywhere.
• Use smart ways to save water in our homes.
Simple steps like ensuring that the taps are turned off but not in use are part of this. A short shower saves litres of water every month. Reusing part of the water from our homes to water our garden is also a good idea.
• Oil must be transported by pipelines.
Most oil spills occur due to oil being transported by ships. The oil spill left the surrounding vegetation and wildlife in its wake. Many of these species are destroyed due to oil spills. Pipelines are an example of modern ways of transporting oil.
• Dispose of industrial waste and sewage before pouring them into water.
Ecologically bad waste is caused by rapid industrialization. The direct disposal of these wastes into water bodies has caused greenhouse gases in several parts of the world, especially in poor countries. To prevent the leakage of water and oil, and chemicals, industrial and human waste must be prepared.
• Use smart ways to save energy.
Turn off lights and unplug electrical appliances when not in use. Even when not in use, connected devices consume energy. Other methods include drinking hot water for short periods.
• Use of biogas in our homes.
Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) is the most commonly used fuel in our everyday homes worldwide. Due to the continued use of LPG, fuel oil is being abandoned; Biogas is an effective alternative. Biogas is mainly produced from cow dung, and biogas plants produce biogas and compost.
• Make trash a priority.
Plastics and paper bags are among the top pollutants that cause tons of waste. Recycling is the process of reusing materials that have been used before. This reduces the amount of accessible waste, resulting in less soil and water.
• Instead of plastic and paper bags, use clay bags.
The more plastic bags are used, the more the waste will increase. Whenever you go to the store, take a bag of clay. Products should be placed in reusable containers.
• Have a habit of pivoting plants.
Soil fertility decreases when the crop is planted tall. Crop rotation will be strengthened, and soil fertility will be maintained.
Endangered plant and animal species.
This includes botanical gardens and sanctuaries that can be built to protect endangered species so that future possums can take advantage of them.
• Translocation of wild animals.
The booming human population has resulted in human encroachment on wildlife habitats. This has resulted in human-animal conflict in which people kill wild animals to defend themselves against them. Translocation is relocating wild animals to nearby locations and erecting fences to prevent clashes.