gamma pehlwan

Gama Pehlwan: The Wrestler Who Defined Strength & Discipline

Gama Pehlwan, also known as “The Lion of Punjab,” and “Rustam-e-Hind” was a legendary Indian wrestler who left an indelible mark on the world of sports and became a symbol of strength, discipline, and perseverance. Born in 1878 in the small village of Amritsar, Gama Pehlwan’s extraordinary wrestling skills and his unwavering dedication to his craft made him an icon in the realm of Indian wrestling. 

Early Life and Training

Gama Pehlwan’s real name was Ghulam Muhammad Butt, and he hailed from a family of wrestlers. From a young age, Gama demonstrated remarkable physical prowess and a natural inclination toward wrestling. Under the guidance of his uncle, Imam Baksh Pehlwan, he started his rigorous training, which included a strict diet, physical conditioning exercises, and intensive wrestling drills.

Rise to Prominence

According to BBC, Gama Pehlwan began his professional wrestling career at the age of 10 and rapidly gained recognition for his exceptional strength and technique. He competed in several local wrestling competitions, defeating opponents who were significantly older and more experienced than him. His victories attracted the attention of the Maharaja of Datia, who became his patron and provided him with financial support.

Gama Pehlwan’s fame soon spread beyond India’s borders. He went on to face formidable opponents from around the world, including European, American, and Japanese wrestlers. His victories against renowned wrestlers, such as Stanislaus Zbyszko and Raheem Bakhsh Sultaniwala, solidified his reputation as a force to be reckoned with in the wrestling arena.

gamma pehlwan
Image credit: Wikipedia

Unique Wrestling Style and Techniques

Gama Pehlwan was known for his distinct wrestling style, which blended elements of strength, agility, and strategic planning. He possessed unparalleled grip strength, allowing him to execute powerful holds and locks on his opponents. His techniques included the ‘Kasoti’ or ‘body scissors’ move, where he would trap his opponent’s waist with his legs and squeeze tightly, rendering them immobilized. This move became his signature style and contributed to his remarkable success.

Champion of Champions

Gama Pehlwan’s most celebrated moment came in 1910 when he won the World Heavyweight Championship in a tournament held in Kolkata, India. This tournament was organized to find the “Champion of Champions” and featured numerous esteemed wrestlers from across the globe. Gama’s triumph in this prestigious event solidified his status as one of the greatest wrestlers of all time.

Physical Attributes and Unmatched Stamina

Gama Pehlwan’s physical attributes were awe-inspiring. He stood around 6 feet 2 inches tall and weighed approximately 275 pounds, making him an imposing figure in the wrestling ring. His stamina was unparalleled, and he was known for engaging in lengthy matches that would exhaust his opponents. Gama would often wrestle for hours without tiring, displaying his exceptional endurance and mental fortitude.

Legacy and Impact

Gama Pehlwan’s legacy extends far beyond his achievements in the wrestling arena. He was an embodiment of discipline, dedication, and determination. His success inspired countless aspiring wrestlers and athletes to pursue their dreams relentlessly. Gama’s influence also prompted the establishment of several wrestling schools and training centers in India, further nurturing the sport.

Gama Pehlwan’s journey from a small village in Amritsar to becoming an international wrestling sensation is a testament to his unwavering spirit, incredible strength, and unparalleled dedication to his craft. His legacy as one of the greatest wrestlers in history continues to inspire generations of athletes worldwide. 

Gama Pehlwan’s name will forever be etched in the annals of wrestling as a symbol of strength, discipline, and the indomitable human spirit.


  1. “Gama Pehlwan: The Lion of Punjab.” Sportskeeda. Link. This source provides an overview of Gama Pehlwan’s life, career, and notable achievements. It discusses his rise to prominence and the impact he had on the world of wrestling.
  2. “Gama Pehlwan: The Forgotten Champion.” The Better India. Link. The Better India is a reputable platform that offers insights into various aspects of Indian culture and history
  3. “Gama Pehlwan: The Unforgettable Wrestling Legend.” Link
  4. “Gama: India’s Original Wrestling Superhero.” BBC News. Link

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